在2021年5月20日的SSQ 2021 ALB中国法律大奖颁奖典礼上，蔚来汽车法务部赢得“澄明则正年度新兴公司法务组大奖”，蔚来汽车总法务顾问兼首席合规官刘昉女士荣获“天达共和年度公司女性法务大奖”。在由衷祝贺蔚来汽车双喜临门的同时，ALB与刘昉女士聊了聊她对中国智能汽车行业的观察与感悟。
SSQ 2021 ALB China Law Awards Winner Interview: Liu Fang, the General Counsel of NIO
On the SSQ 2021 ALB China Law Awards ceremony held on May 20, 2021, NIO Legal Department was announced the winner of "CM Award Emerging Company In-House Team of the Year", with Ms. Liu Fang, the General Counsel and Chief Compliance Officer of NIO, winning "East & Concord Award Female In-House Lawyer of the Year". ALB congratulates NIO for their double win and talked to Liu Fang about her experience in intelligent vehicle industry in China.
ALB：What are the characteristics and trends in the regulation of the intelligent vehicle industry in recent years?
Liu Fang (Liu): As an important unit of future intelligent transportation and smart city in the future, intelligent connected vehicles (ICVs) play a strategic role in the development of global automobile industry, and it is currently at the key stage of rapid technological evolution and accelerated industrial layout. China is continuously enacting new regulations and policies in this area, which shows features of the rapid development of the market, the emergence of the regulatory framework, and the needs of more detailed implementation rules.
The state’s macro strategy and 15-year industry plan have been recently issued, which will further promote the technology upgrading and the extensive use of ICVs. Meanwhile, the government is currently seeking public opinion on the new special regulations on ICV production enterprises, product access and data security, which provides general legal framework on the development principles of infrastructure systems, industry entry, data security and other aspects of the ICV industry. Once the above regulations have been enacted and implemented, the regulatory framework for ICVs will be substantially improved. We believe that the regulations will continue to improve and more specific applicable laws and standards will be promulgated to fit and cope with the quick development of the industry.
ALB：What are the challenges in terms of compliance and risks control? How do you and your team find solutions?
Liu: NIO is always committed to shaping a joyful lifestyle by offering premium smart electric vehicles and being the best user enterprise. To achieve such mission, the legal department together with other departments have made our best effort to make NIO better, through attracting more investment through listing on the NYSE and other financing channels, realizing mass production through cooperative manufacturing, innovation of direct sale and online sale model and deploying and updating the network of charging and swapping stations nationwide for the convenience of users. We aim to provide the best user experiences to our users.
New developments in the regulation of the ICV industry test our capability of timely response of compliance and risk control. On one hand, we continue to learn and digest the various new policies and regulations, for the purpose of early risk assessment and prevention. On the other hand, we also prepare, update or modify some current existing company policies, compliance rules, and relevant agreements with partners in accordance with the regulations and trends in the ICV industry.
ALB：What is innovative about NIO’s current compliance system? Why is it a match with compliance requirements and business development?
Liu: NIO’s compliance system has the following innovations: first, we have established an integral internal compliance reporting and case investigation and closing mechanism; second, in cooperation with the digital department, we have established a comprehensive online workflow embedding the legal compliance process into the company’s overall approval process; third, we are planning to move all online training courses to mobile phone to provide easy access to employee and assure them to bear in mind the compliance requirements in their daily work.
ALB：Looking to the future, what expectations do you have?
Liu: In order to cope with NIO’s business development needs, the legal department will consider setting up additional teams for new business lines and activities, attracting more professionals of a global perspective and a sense of innovation to help NIO develop the global smart car market. Meanwhile, we plan to invite ICV industry policymakers and experts to give lectures to the company and legal team members, to deepen our understanding of the rationale and implementation of the emerging industry regulations and policies, and also to share our thinking on such regulations and policies.